The title ‘lawyer’ is used to describe any person with a license to practice law. Lawyers are obliged to maintain the law and protect the rights of their clients.
Typical responsibilities of a lawyer include giving legal counsel and advice, research and evidence or fact-gathering. They also compose documents on divorces, contracts, wills, and real estate dealings. Lawyers prosecute and defend clients in court. In Melbourne, some lawyers handle all kinds of cases.
What are the roles of a Lawyer?
The duties of a lawyer are much more than the regular court trial. It also involves information research, document drafting, counselling clients, and resolving conflicts. These are just a few of their responsibilities, depending on their specialisation.
The law is comprehensive and extensive in scope. This makes it impossible for one lawyer to give legal counsel on the various aspects of the law. This is similar to doctors. A specialist in one part of the body or illness may be limited in another area. The same goes for lawyers because they can specialise as well.
Here is a list of nine kinds of lawyers that you may find working together in law firms:
A corporate lawyer handles legal issues for business corporations, both private and public. Their services also include counsel and guidance in complex processes. Their primary focus is on contracts, commercial papers, bailment, and agency law. Their skill and knowledge involve offering assistance to new companies and firms. They do this by providing all they need to start-up and negotiating acquisitions.
Family lawyers undertake cases related to family issues like surrogacy, adoption, child abduction, and the likes. Problems like child abuse, custody battles, juvenile delinquencies, and prenuptial agreements aren’t left out. Practising family lawyers represent their clients in negotiations and court proceedings. They also draft relevant legal documents for the process.
Criminal lawyers will stand-in for the defendant in court. Usually, the defendant is an individual or organisation facing charges for criminal offences. These charges include theft, violent crimes, fraud, sex crimes, and drug-related crimes. Criminal lawyers cover a scope of trials, plea bargains, bail bond hearings, and parole/probation.
This type of lawyer set the rights, duties, and obligations of the legal process. They take on cases for people regarded as aliens and foreigners. Their job is to help them acquire legal citizenship in a particular country. They are subjected to citizenship tests. Thus, the lawyer assists these individuals and defends them in court to avoid deportation. In case of emergencies, they help them get citizenship.
Divorce lawyers are specialists in the legal aspects related to ending a marriage. These details include legal findings, child custody, and assets division among spouses. If there’s a legal separation, a divorce lawyer has to grant separation. This takes the form of a court order.
The process involves a formal separation of married couples, even while married. If children are involved, a divorce lawyer establishes terms of separation. These terms cover child support and custody.
The role of an employment lawyer involves the relationship between employers and employees. Such functions include regulations, protection against discrimination, contracts, health, and safety, amongst other negotiations. Employment lawyers also help with lawsuits related to employment.
Accident & Personal Injury Lawyer
An accident and personal injury lawyer handles physical, and psychological cases as a result of accidents. Their scope of practice focuses on an aspect of law called tort law. They also provide legal services to people who have claims of injury from the negligence of another individual. Such claims include workplace injuries, traffic collisions, and professional malpractice.